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A Reconstruction of Exodus 2:23 to 6:9

The following is not the present writer’s translation, but an adaptation of Jay P. Green Sr’s belonging to The Interlinear Bible: Hebrew-Greek-English, Hendriksen Publishers 1986-2006, pp. 48-51. For some time he has felt compelled to insert correct names, overriding false ones when reading standard translations like the RSV or NASB. For the purpose of these web pages he usually does his own translating.

He understands that at a future time he will be shown the digitised text of the original Hebrew narrative and make a new translation from that. Seven major texts form the original Books of Mosheh.

While one hears that there is no talk of the resurrection of souls in the Old Testament, it featured many times in the original. However, because the dodgy Hebrew scribes did not believe in the immortality of the soul or resurrection, they decided to remove such discussions from the record.

For example, “when Chanowk was taken, the narrative written by Mosheh said that he was reborn into a being of light. He was remade, like Adam and Chav-vah were first made in the moist soil of Eden, but in Glory."

"We came and went to visit Adam and his wife in the Garden. We told Adam that, if he became circumcised, We would remake him and Chavvah into beings of light."

"Mosheh knew about resurrection. He had grown up in Mitsrayim, as had many of the sons of Yisra’el. And the priests of Horus, Isis and Hathor, as well as Ra, taught that life continues on after death in a higher or lower form."

"When Dathan, Abiyram and Qowrah fell into the Lake of Fire, Mosheh  told the people  they would be re-formed, but remain  imprisoned there. "

Consequently, while some does belong to the present writer, there is no point re-translating this passage in its entirety. Its aim instead is to demonstrate the clear and precise roles played by El Elyown and El Shadday/Yahuw’ah in the actual events. Quotation marks have been added by the present writer.

Exodus 2:23. And it happened during these many days, that the king of Mitsrayim died, and the sons of Yisra’el groaned from the slavery. 24. And El Shadday heard their groaning, and El Shadday remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Yitschaq, and with Ya'aqob. 25. And Eluhiym saw the sons of Yisra’el, and Eluhiym knew them.

3:1 And Mosheh was feeding the flock of his father-in-law Yethro, the priest of Midian. And he led the flock behind the wilderness and came to the mountain of Eluhiym, to Choreb. 2. And El Elyown appeared to him in a flame of fire from the middle of a thorn bush. And he looked, and behold, the thorn bush was burning with fire, and the thorn bush was not burned up!

3. And Mosheh said, “I will turn aside now and see this great sight, why the thorn bush is not burned up.” 4. And El Elyown saw that he turned aside to see, and He called to him from the midst of the thorn bush, and said, “Mosheh! Mosheh!”. And he said, “I am here.” 5. And He said, “Do not come near here. Pull off your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.” 6. And He said, “I am the El of your fathers, El of Abraham, El of Yitschaq, and El of Ya'aqob.” And Mosheh hid his face, for he feared to look upon El.

7. And Elyown said, “I have certainly seen the affliction of My people who are in Mitsrayim, and I have heard their cry from before their slave drivers; for I know his sorrows. 8. And I have come down to deliver them from the hand of Mitsrayim, even to bring them up from that land to a good and broad land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.”

 9. “And now, behold! The cry of the sons of Yisra’el has come up to Me, and also I have seen the oppression with which the Mitsriym are oppressing them. 10. And now, go, and I will send you to Pharaoh, and you will bring My people, the sons of Yisra’el, out of Mitsrayim.”

11. And Mosheh said to Elyown, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring out the sons of Yisra’el from Mitsrayim?” 12. And He said, “I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you that I have sent you, when you bring out the people from Mitsrayim: You shall serve Eluhiym on this mountain.”

13. And Mosheh said to Elyown, “Behold, I shall come to the sons of Yisra’el and say to them, ‘The El of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they will say to me, ‘What is His name?’ What shall I say to them?” 14. And Elyown said to Mosheh, “I make happen that which I make happen.” And He said, “You shall say this to the sons of Yisra’el, ‘I make happen has sent me to you.’”

15. And Elyown said to Mosheh again, “You shall say this to the sons of Yisra’el, ‘Elyown, El of your fathers, El of Abraham, El of Yitschaq, and El of Ya'aqob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My title from generation to generation.’”

16. “Go, and gather the elders of Yisra’el, and say to them, ‘Elyown, El of your fathers has appeared to me, El of Abraham, Yitschaq, and Ya'aqob, saying, I have surely visited you and have seen what is done to you in Mitsrayim. 17. And I have said, I will bring you up from the affliction of Mitsrayim to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Perezzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite; to a land flowing with milk and honey.’”

18. “And they shall listen to your voice; and you shall come in, you and the elders of Yisra’el to the king of Mitsrayim. And you shall say to him, ‘Elyown, El of the Hebrews has met us; and now, please let us go for a journey of three days into the wilderness, and let us sacrifice to Elyown our El.’ 19. And I know that the king of Mitsrayim will not permit you to go, not even by a strong hand. 20. And I will stretch out My hand and strike Mitsrayim with all My wonders, which I will do in its midst, and afterward he will send you away.”

21. “And I will give this people favour in the eyes of Mitsrayim; and it will come to pass, when you go, you will not go empty. 22. And each woman shall ask of her neighbour, and from the stranger in her house, articles of silver, and articles of gold, and garments; and you shall put these on your sons and on your daughters. And you shall plunder Mitsrayim.”

4:1. And Mosheh answered and said,  “And, behold, they would not believe me and will not listen to my voice. for they will say, ‘El Elyown has not appeared to you.’”

2. And Elyown said to him, “What is this in your hand?” And he said, “A staff.” 3. And He said, “Throw it to the ground.” And he threw it to the ground, and it became a snake. And Mosheh fled before it. 4. And Elyown said to Mosheh, “Send out your hand and take it by the tail.” And he sent out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand. 5. “So that they may believe that Elyown, El of their fathers, has appeared to you, the El of Abraham, El of Yitschaq, and El of Ya'aqob.”

6. And Elyown said to him again, “Now put your hand into your bosom.” And he put his hand into his bosom, and he brought it out, and, behold, his hand was leprous like snow. 7. And He said, “Put your hand back into your bosom.” And he put his hand back into his bosom, and he brought it out of his bosom; and, behold, it had turned like his flesh!

8. “And it shall be, if they will not believe you and will not listen to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the latter sign. 9. And it shall be, if they will not believe these two signs also, and will not listen to your voice, you shall take of the water of the Nile and pour it on the dry land. And the water which you take from the Nile shall become blood on the dry land.”

10. And Mosheh said to Elyown, “O Elyown, I am not a man of words, either from yesterday or the third day, nor since You have been speaking to Your bond slave. For I am slow of mouth and slow of tongue.” 11. And Elyown said to him, “Who has made man's mouth? Or who makes the dumb, or the deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? Is it not I, El Elyown? 12. And now go, and I will be with your mouth, and I will teach you what you shall speak.”

13. And he said, “O Elyown, please send by the hand of him whom You will send.” 14. And the anger of Elyown glowed against Mosheh. And He said, “Do I not know your brother, Aharon the Levite, that he can speak well? And, behold, he also is coming out to meet you, and he will see you and be glad in his heart.”

 15. “And you shall speak to him, and you shall put the words in his mouth. And I will be with your mouth, and with his mouth, and I will teach you what you shall do. 16. And he shall speak for you to the people. And it shall be, he shall be a mouth for you, and you shall be like El for him. 17. And you shall take this staff in your hand by which you do the signs.”

18. And Mosheh went and returned to his father-in-law Yethro, and said to him, “Please let me go and return to my brothers who are in Mitsrayim, and see whether they are still alive.” And Yethro said to Mosheh, “Go in peace.”

19. And Elyown said to Mosheh in Midian, “Go! Return to Mitsrayim. For all the men are dead, those seeking your life.” 20. And Mosheh took his wife and his sons and set them on an ass. And he returned to the land of Mitsrayim. And Mosheh took the staff of El in his hand.

21. And Elyown said to Mosheh, “As you go to return to Mitsrayim, see all the wonders which I have put in your hand, and do them before Pharaoh. And I will harden his heart, and he will not send the people away. 22. And you shall speak to Pharaoh, ‘So says Elyown, My son, My firstborn is Yisrael. 23. And I said to you, Send My son away, and let him serve Me; and you refused to send him. Behold, I am about to kill your son, your firstborn.’”

24. And it happened on the way, in the lodging place, Elyown met him and sought to kill him. 25. And Zipporah took a stone and cut off her son's foreskin, and caused it to touch his feet. And she said, “You are a bridegroom of blood to me.” 26. And He pulled back from him. Then she said, “A bridegroom of blood, for the circumcision.”

27. And Elyown said to Aharon, “Go to the wilderness to meet Mosheh.” And he went and met him by the mountain of Eluhiym; and he kissed him. 28. And Mosheh told Aharon all the words of Elyown with which He had sent him, and all the signs which He had commanded him.

29. And Mosheh and Aharon went on and gathered all the elders of the sons of Yisra’el. 30. And Aharon spoke all the words which Elyown had spoken to Mosheh. And he did the signs before the people. 31. And the people believed. And they heard that Elyown had visited the sons of Yisra’el, and that He had seen their affliction. And they bowed and worshipped.

5:1. And afterward Mosheh and Aharon came in and said to Pharaoh, “So says Elyown El of Yisrael, ‘Send away My people, and they shall feast to Me in the wilderness.’” 2. And Pharaoh said, “Who is Elyown that I should listen to His voice to send away Yisra’el? I do not know Elyown, and I also will not send Yisra’el away.”

3. And they said, “The El of the Hebrews has met with us. Now let us go a journey of three days into the wilderness and sacrifice to Elyown our El, that He not strike us with plague or with the sword.” 4. And the king of Mitsrayim said to them, “Mosheh and Aharon, why do you loose the people from their work? You go to your burdens.”

5. And Pharaoh said, “Behold, the people of the land are many now, and you make them cease from their burdens.” 6. And Pharaoh commanded the slave drivers of the people and their overseers that day, saying, “You shall not go on giving straw to the people to make bricks, as yesterday and the third day. They should go and pick up straw for themselves. 8. And the fixed number of bricks which they were making yesterday and the third day you shall put on them. You shall not diminish from it. For they are lazy; so they are crying, saying, ‘Let us go, let us sacrifice to our El.’ 9. Let the bondage be heavy on the men, that they may work in it, and may not trust to the lying words.”

10. And the slave drivers of the people and their overseers went out and spoke to the people, saying, “Pharaoh has said this, ‘I will not give you straw.’ 11. You go and take straw for yourselves from wherever you may find it. For not a thing will be reduced from your work.”

13. And the people scattered in all the land of Mitsrayim to pick up stubble for straw. 13. And the slave drivers were demanding, saying, “Finish your work, the matter of a day in its day, as when there was straw.” 14. And the overseers of the sons of Yisra’el were beaten, those whom the slave drivers of Pharaoh had put over them, saying, “Why have you not finished your appointed task, to make bricks as a day ago and the day before, both yesterday and today?”

15. And the overseers of the sons of Yisra’el came in and cried to Pharaoh, “Why do you do this way to your bond slaves? 16. No straw is given to your bond slaves, and they are saying to us, ‘Make bricks.’ And, behold, your bond slaves are at fault.” 17. And he said, “You are lazy and idle. So you are saying, ‘Let us go, let us sacrifice to Elyown.’ 18. Therefore, go now and work. And straw will not be given to you; and a certain number of bricks you shall deliver.”

19. And the overseers of the sons of Yisra’el saw themselves in affliction, saying, “You shall not diminish from your bricks, the matter of a day in its day.” 20. And they met Mosheh and Aharon standing to meet them when they came from Pharaoh. 21. And they said to them, “May Elyown look on you and judge; who have made our odour to stink in Pharaoh's eyes and in the eyes of his servants, to give a sword in their hands to kill us.”

22. And Mosheh returned to Elyown and said, “Elyown, why have You done evil to this people? Why then have You sent me? 23. And since I came in to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil to this people. And You did not certainly deliver your people.”

6:1. And Elyown said to Mosheh, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh. For he will send them away with a strong hand; yes, he will drive them out from his land with a strong hand.”

2. Then during the night Eluhiym spoke to Mosheh and said to him, “I am Yahuw'ah. 3. And I appeared to Abraham, to Yitschaq and to Ya'aqob as El Shadday, and by My name Yahuw'ah I never made myself known to them. 4. And I also established My covenant with them, to give to them the land of Canaan, the land of their travels, in which they travelled.”

5. “And I also have heard the groaning of the sons of Yisra’el, whom the Mitsriym are enslaving. And I have remembered My covenant. 6. Therefore, say to the sons of Yisra’el, ‘I am Yahuw'ah, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of Mitsrayim, and will deliver you from their slavery. And I will redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgements.”

7. “And I will take you for Myself for a people, and I will be an El for you. And you shall know that I am Yahuw'ah, your El, the One bringing you out from under the burdens of Egypt. 8. And I will bring you into the land which I raised My hand to give to Abraham, to Yitschaq, and to Ya'aqob. And I will give it to you for a possession. I am Yahuw'ah!”

9. And Mosheh spoke to the sons of Yisra’el. And they did not listen to Mosheh, from the shortness of spirit and from the hard bondage.

It is much more informative this way and closely resembles the intention of the original narrative. The “I am Yahuw’ah” expression surely connects Him with El Elyown. Yahuw’ah is always the goal of Elyown/Yeshuwa’s actions.